Permiso de residencia (en ingles)

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Residence permit


Residence permit may be either of fixed-term, issued with up to five years validity period, or permanent.

A fixed-time residence permit may be prolonged if the basis for the permit is not changed and application is justified.

A fixed-term residence permit may be issued to aforeigner:

A permanent residence permitmay be issued to a foreigner who has been living at least three years under a valid fixed-term residence permit for five years in Estonia, who has a place of residence and constant legal income for subsistence in Estonia.


Upon accession to the European Union the procedure for applying for residence permit for the citizens of EU and their family members was amended. You can find more detailed information here.

A foreigner residing in Estonia according to residence permit and desiring to stay outside of Estonia for more than 183 days per year shall register his/her absence from Estonia at the Citizenship and Migration Board.

Application for residence permits of European Union citizens and oftheir family members

A citizen of the European Union may stay in Estonia without a residence permit:
1) for up to three months as of the date of his or her arrival in Estonia, also if he or she is employed in Estonia or engaged in business in Estonia;
2) if he or she is employed in another member state of the European Union but resides in Estonia and returns to Estonia at least once a week;
3) if he or she is a seasonal worker in Estonia;
4) for up to six months for the purpose of seeking employment if he or she has registered the employment seeking pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Employment Service Act.

This information folder is meant for citizens of the members states (except Estonia) of the European Union (hereinafter EU) and the European Economic Area, as well as citizens of Switzerland who wish to settle in Estonia on the basis of a residence permit.

EU citizens can apply for a residence permit in Estonia:

  • for employment;
  • for engagement in business;
  • if a citizen of the European Union has sufficient legal income which ensures his or her own subsistence and that of his or her family members in Estonia;
  • for study in a basic school, gymnasium, vocational educational institution;
  • for long-term stay in Estonia.

Family members of a citizen of the EU can apply for residence permits for the purpose of settling with a citizen of the EU.

The period of validity of a residence permit is up to 5 years. A residence permit for study shall be issued in one year terms.

Family members can apply for residence permits with the same period of validity as the residence permit of the citizen of the EU.

A residence permit shall be issued to a citizen of the EU under the following conditions:

  • he or she has sufficient legal income;
  • he/she has an insurance cover which guarantees that any costs related to his/her medical treatment as a result of illness or injury during the period of validity of his/her residence permit will be met;
  • his or her actual residence is in Estonia.

The rate of legal income in Estonia is the total of the average monthly gross wages during the six months preceding the submission of the application for a residence permit. The following is deemed to be legal income:

  • lawfully earned remuneration for work;
  • income received from lawful business activities or property;
  • pensions;
  • scholarships;
  • support;
  • the maintenance ensured by family members earning legal income are deemed to be legal income.

A citizen of the EU and his or her family members must register their residence within one month from the date of issue of the residence permit. In order to do so a local government authority must be contacted.

Documents

Upon the application for a residence permit the following documents must be submitted:

These application forms are to be completed on the screen. Use block letters for completing. To move across the screen – use mouse. If you wish to print out the form and fill it in by hand – find appropriate forms here.

There is no need to submit any additional documents when a residence permit is applied for employment, for engagement in business or in the case of substantial legal income.

In case a residence permit is applied for study an educational institution must issue to the Citizenship and Migration Board (CMB) an additional document which confirms that an EU citizen starts his/her studies there. The document must also include the data on the speciality, course, practical training involved, the subject of the thesis and the duration of studies.

Family members who apply for residence permits to settle with EU citizens must also submit:

These application forms are to be completed on the screen. Use block letters for completing. To move across the screen – use mouse. If you wish to print out the form and fill it in by hand – find appropriate forms here.

When applying for a residence permit for a long-term stay in Estonia an applicant has to submit the following documents:

  • if an applicant has commenced employment in another member state of the European Union but resides in Estonia and returns to Estonia at least once a week he/she has to prove his/her employment in another member state of the EU. An applicant must also prove that he/she has been employed or engaged in business in Estonia for at least the last three consecutive years.
  • If an applicant has, by the date of the termination of his or her employment or engagement in business, attained the age of retirement, he/she must prove that he/she has been employed or has been engaged in business in Estonia for at least the last twelve months, and submit a written confirmation that he/she has permanently stayed in Estonia for at least the last three consecutive years;
  • If an applicant has terminated his/her employment or engagement in business due to permanent incapacity for work he/she has to submit a document which proves his/her permanent incapacity for work, together with a written confirmation that he/she has permanently stayed in Estonia for at least the last two consecutive years.
  • If an EU citizen has terminated his/her employment due to permanent incapacity for work arising from a work injury or occupational disease he/she has to submit a document certifying this fact.

Family members of applicants who apply for long-term residence permits must submit in addition the following documents:

  • a document which proves that an applicant is a family member of an EU citizen, and the standard consent of the concerned EU citizen.
  • If a citizen of the European Union dies before attaining the age of retirement and has, by the date of his or her death, permanently stayed in Estonia for at least the last two consecutive years, his/her family member must submit a document certifying the death of the EU citizen and a document which proves that the applicant was his/her family member.
  • If a citizen of the European Union dies before attaining the age of retirement as a result of a work injury or occupational disease, his/her family member must certify that the EU citizen died as a result of a work injury or occupational disease, and a document which proves that the applicant was his/her family member.

An application for an applicant under 15 years of ageor a person with restricted legal capacity is submitted by a parent or a guardian, or by a representative of a guardianship authority who must also submit a document certifying his/her right of representation.

When applying for the extension of a residence permit the same documents must be submitted as for the application for the residence permit.

COMPLETING APPLICATIONS

An application form for a residence permit must be completed in capital letters in Estonian or English and it cannot contain corrections.

All boxes foreseen for completion by the applicant must be filled in.

The personal data given in an application must be written in Latin letters in the same form as in the applicant's identity document.

Documents in foreign languages added to an application must be translated either into Estonian or English and the authenticity of the translation must be certified by a notary. Documents issued abroad must be legalised or confirmed by a certificate (apostille), unless otherwise stipulated by an international agreement.

If an application for the extension of a residence permit is submitted by post there is no need to send the original document. A copy is adequate. An applicant must certify the compliance of the copy with the original with his/her signature on each page of the copy which bears any data. The signature must be supplemented by the applicant's name and the date of signing the copy.

Procedure

An applicant or his/her legal representative must submit his/her application for a residence permit at a representation of the Republic of Estonia or at service bureau of the CMB.

The CMB makes a decision as to whether or not to issue a residence permit within a period of 3 months from the date of starting the processing of the application or the date of rectifying all the deficiencies in the application.

An application for the extension of a residence permit can be submitted at a service bureau of the CMB or by post (at the address Sõle 61a, Tallinn 10313) at least two months before the date of its expiry. If the term for the submission of an application has been missed due to serious reasons the CMB may, as an exception, still start the processing of an application, unless the residence permit has expired. If previous permit of residence to the citizen of EU or his/her family member had been issued before 1.05.2004 (i.e. on the basis of Foreigners’ Act) instead of its prolongation a first-time application for EU citizen permit of residence shall be submitted two months before the expiry date of current permit.

The CMB makes a decision as to whether or not to extend a residence permit at least one month before the expiry of the permit. If an application for the extension was submitted belatedly the CMB will make a decision on the extension within two months from the date of rectifying the deficiencies or starting the processing of the application.

The data of residence permits are entered on identity cards (ID cards) which are issued by authorised bank offices (see www.pass.ee).

State fees

Upon application for a residence permit for employment in Estonia, EU citizens and their family members must pay the state fee of 150 kroons.

How to pay a state fee

Going to school in Estonia

For more information contact a client serivce office of the Citizenship and Migration Board or call information number 612 6979.